Himalayan Black Bear (Selenarctos Thibetanus)
The Himalayan Black Bear has a short and smooth black coat. Himalayan Black Bear has comparatively dark and short claws which distinguishes it from the sloth bear. Its built is compact with a height of about 180 cm from nose to rump and weighs between 90-115 kg. The general colour is black with a tanned muzzle and the chin white or buff. The 'V' shaped breast mark may be white, yellow or buff and is a special feature of Himalayan Black Bear.
The Himalayan Black Bear is found in Kashmir, the Himalayan region, Assam and extending eastwards into China, Japan, Myanmar ad the Malay countries.
The Himalayan Black Bear spends the day sleeping in a rock cave or in the hollow of a tree. It hunts for food at night and retires after sunrise. Its food varies with the season. In summer, Himalayan Black Bears live on the wild fruit, berries, pears, apricots and nuts. These bears are expert climbers and take much of their food from tree-tops. They also feed on honey during summer. During autumn, Himalayan Black Bears raid corn or maize fields. Insects, termites and the larvae of beetle provide variety to their diet. They are the most carnivorous of bears and kill goat, sheep and larger cattle when they stray near human settlements. They maul human who dare come its way.