Conservation of Wildlife
Human beings evolved less than 2 million years ago while reptiles, animals, birds and insects etc evolved hundreds of millions years earlier. In fact, they have allowed humans to exist as a form of life in the ecological web. But man with his power and intelligence has managed to wipe out many species of life.
All living things have fundamental right to exist. Therefore, we have a special duty to protect, preserve and safeguard all forms of species so that they exist for posterity. The need to conserve wildlife is vital. For example, the excessive use of DDT has practically wiped out some birds, resulting in improper dispersal of seeds and lack of pollination in plants. It has also given rise to an increase in insect population which has wiped out crops. As a result, famines became recurring phenomenon.
People should encourage the involvement of children in nature conservation measures. They should protect forests, mountains, valleys, rivers, deserts, coastlines, lakes, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. In short, everything that is nature is beneficial, useful and worth protection. The protected areas should be at least 5% of the geographical area of our country.
Research in nature conservation should be encouraged. Love and fascination for nature should be inculcated in the children. More voluntary bodies should be started and the cause of the voiceless creatures of the country should be taken up for protection.
Poaching should be put down. Products made of wildlife should be discouraged. Willful destruction for short term gains by human being can cause irreparable damage to ecosystems. Our heritage as a nation should be upheld especially in protection and preservation of wildlife of India. We should be proud of our vast expanse of nature and magnificent wildlife.