Wildlife Of India
Ever since the dawn of civilization, man has co-existed with animals, Though he has always been a hunter, Indian religions Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism have shown extreme compassion for all types of living beings ,This has been the bedrock upon which wildfire has been preserved in India in the past and is still being preserved today. Lack of this element in the cultural heritage has wiped out many rich wildlife areas in the World, for once a species become extinct it cannot be restored.
Economic development combined with population increase has put great pressures on the protection of wildlife. Today, we recognize man as part of a complicated ecosystem. Protecting wildlife and environment is very important if mankind has to survive.
The Government of India is committed to preserving wildlife as a national heritage for future generations. Ministries have been created by the Government of India and also in each state and laws have been enacted for the protection of wildlife. However, wildlife preservation is not just a matter of legislative measures but also includes the creation of awareness in the minds of people about India's rich heritage and the vast diversity of the species of wildlife. It is to this effect and also to make the people come closer to it, many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries have been established and facilities created to help people enjoy the beauty of our jungles, oceans, deserts, rivers, mountains, lakes, coastlines, wetlands and therein habitants.
Our vast faunal wealth covers nearly 350 mammals, about 2000 bird species and sub species, about 500 reptiles, more than 25,000 insects and lesser forms, about 2500 species of fish and other marine creatures. On the floral side, India can boast of several thousand species of trees, grasses, creepers, flowers, orchids and other forms of plant life.
Yet, in spite of all efforts, many forms of wildlife-both flora and fauna are under threat of extinction due to various reasons like habitat destruction, over exploitation, human and economic pressures and sometimes, natural calamities. We invite you to participate in preserving India's wildlife through your visit to our national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.